Treatment of adult acne can be a bit tricky and challenging. Effective treatment will require a combination of treatment procedures, a dermatologist’s continuous care and some amount of patience as the treatment process may take long. Often times, the right combination of therapy or treatment may take long to see if effective or not. Although presented with such a challenge, acne can be treated in various ways, which can include:
- Topical Therapy. This treatment includes creams, gels, lotions and solutions. Benzoyl peroxide and an antimicrobial topical such as clindamycin or erythromycin are the important components in topical solutions prescribed by dermatologists for adults suffering from mild to moderate acne. Topical products containing sodium sulfacetamide and sulfur are also helpful. Blackheads are usually treated with topical retinoid – the only medication known to effectively treat microcomedone or the lesion that appears before acne. Dermatologist would normally require patients to apply sunscreen daily before going outdoors as retinoid runs the risk of sunburn.
- Acne-fighting cosmetics. Acne-fighting ingredients such as salicylic acid are now included in cosmetics like facial moisturizers and foundations. Anti-aging ingredients are also included in these cosmetic products.
- Oral Medications. Oral medication may be prescribed to reduce hormonal fluctuations and control the acne. Oral contraceptive pills, spironolactone and and hormone replacement therapy are prescribed for some women upon recommendation of a dermatologist. Such pills are also not advised to be taken by pregnant women. Oral antibiotics are also used to help control acne.
- Physical Procedures. A dermatologist may opt to inject corticosteroid into the lesion as a treatment for persistent cyst or nodule. This treatment shows immediate results by reducing the swelling which will lessen the potential for scarring.
- Proper Skin Care Essential.Most dermatologists recommend proper skin care including:
- Gently washing the face with mild facial cleanser
- Avoiding rigid scrubbing of the face as it can worsen the acne condition
- Use of protection against direct sunlight (sunblock, shades, bandannas, scarves etc.) as acne medications can cause the skin to be more sensitive to sunlight
- Use of non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic skin care products
- Avoiding picking, squeezing or popping the lesions to prevent scarring
- Benefits of a Dermatologist’s Help. While some people may respond to over-the-counter acne medications, some people may not reap the same result. For people not responding well to acne medications, a regular consultation with a dermatologist will help in identifying the cause of such failure. The dermatologist may determine that the lesions are not actually acne but something else. And in such case, a different medication has to be prescribed. The dermatologist can help you control and treat the acne which is important if you want to reduce the risk of forming acne scars. Persistent acne is likely to cause scarring. Hence, controlling the acne breakout helps lower down that risk.
As acne can have a negative impact on a person’s life, gaining control over it restores the person’s confidence and self-image. Adult acne may seem to be really tough to deal with if you have no understanding of the problem, its causes and treatment options available.
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